How to Cite an Interview in MLA Format



Interview with a citation
Step 1

Is the interview personal or published?

Of course, your job is much easier if the interview is personal (you only need to know who, whom and where), while with the published one you need to provide the publication (printed or online). But that is not important at the moment, just decide what type of interview you are going to cite.

Step 2

Who is the interviewee?

Here we are, at the first section of your citation. If you know the name of the person who is being interviewed (which is quite necessary), then you have your first building block. You can start the citation by entering the interviewee’s name in the following format:

Last Name, First Name (Middle Initial). {the rest of the citation}

Step 3

Who is the interviewer?

Now you put the name from the other side of the interview, the one who asks the questions, the interviewer. You cite his/her name in the following manner, continuing from where you left off at Step 2:

Last Name, First Name (Middle Initial). Last Name, First Name (Middle Initial). {the rest of the citation}

Step 4

How/Where was the interview conducted?

Here the two possibilities from Step 1 start now to walk separate ways.

For personal interviews you have to mention if you conducted the interview in person, online, on the phone or in any other form possible, using the following template, continued from Step 2:

  • Last Name, First Name (Middle Initial). Last Name, First Name (Middle Initial). Interview conducted […]. {the rest of the citation}

For published interviews you have to mention the source and provide as much information (interview title, publication title, volume, issue number, date published, page numbers) you can about it, using the following template, continued from Step 2:

  • Last Name, First Name (Middle Initial). Last Name, First Name (Middle Initial). Interview Title. Publication Title. Volume. Issue Number. Date Published DD Month YYYY. Page Number ###-### {the rest of the citation}

If the interview is from an online source (here it does not matter if it’s personal or published), you have to provide the site as well as the date of its creation and your accessing it, using the following template, continuing from the previous examples or replacing some of the info from this step (the first example is personal and the other one is published):

  • Last Name, First Name (Middle Initial). Last Name, First Name (Middle Initial). Interview conducted […]. (Interview Title. ) Site Title. (Ed. [editor’s name {first name (middle initial) last name ]. ) Date Published/Updated DD Month YYYY. (Sponsoring Organisation). Date Accessed DD Month YYYY. ) . {the rest of the citation}
  • Last Name, First Name (Middle Initial). Last Name, First Name (Middle Initial). Interview Title. Site Title. (Ed. [editor’s name {first name (middle initial) last name ]. ) Date Published/Updated DD Month YYYY. (Sponsoring Organisation). Date Accessed DD Month YYYY. ) . {the rest of the citation}
Step 5

Any other relevant info?

This step is usually not very important, but if there is a special thing you have to mention, then do it at the end of the citation, after the last full-stop («.»). In most cases it’s better not to add anything else if you don’t have (condensed) info that is necessary to be cited. Instead, you could add the extra in a endnote/footnote or in the body of your text.


Things Needed
• the original interview
• as much info as possible about the original
• word processor

Tips & Warnings
• don’t leave out anything important if you have the possibility of citing it (you don’t want to risk to be accused of plagiarism!)
• use all the info you’ve got, don’t leave out anything our of laziness or thinking it’s not necessary (it IS!)
• for help, you can go to such sites as SourceAid Citation Builder (http://www.sourceaid.com/citationbuilder/) and they’ll build the citation for you
• if you don’t have the site creation date you can follow the instructions found on Digital Inspiration (http://www.labnol.org/internet/search/find-publishing-date-of-web-pages/8410/).

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