How to withdraw 401k money with no penalty
Your company-matched 401K is a critical tool in building your financial house. For many people, reaching out and using these funds is an archane magic. Handled properly, you can access 401K funds when you need them, without incurring a penalty.
Determine your qualification for early 401K withdrawal
First, check to see if you meet the qualifications for 401K withdrawal without a penalty. Under normal conditions, this is only true if you have reached the age of 59 1/2 years and you are younger than 70 1/2 years.
However, if you can prove that you are permanently disabled, have medical bills exceeding 7.5% of your adjusted gross income, have been ordered by a divorce court to split your 401K with your former spouse, if you cease working due to layoff, early retirement, or resignation and start equal monthly payments early on a schedule based on average life span, then you can avoid the 10% penalty imposed by the IRS for early withdrawal.
Contact your plan administrator
In many cases, even if you meet the special requirements set up by the federal government for early 401K withdrawal without a penalty, your plan rules may not allow it. Knowing your plan can help ensure you can access your money when you need it.
If you cannot withdraw without a penalty, consider taking a loan.
For people not at great risk of leaving a company or being downsized, a 401K loan may be the better choice than a withdrawal. This will allow you to access your money without meeting the special qualifications in step 1.
Check your address accuracy
Nothing is worse than waiting for a check that does not arrive. Whether you take your disbursement by check or through electronic deposit, ensure you verify the mailing or routing information before finalizing your request.